~Meniscus Archives~
Summer/Fall 2005
Issue #8

Issue #8 Home


Fuel Cell Technology Will Change Our World
Paul Matthews and Jon Heinrich
Quite simply, hydrogen fuel cells are like batteries, except they never run dry as long if constantly supplied with fuel and air. The fossil fuel shortage is about to catapult this technology to the forefront of industry to facilitate off-the-grid living.

A Short History of Nearly Everything
A review by Chrystie Hopkins
This 2003 best seller from author Bill Bryson takes the reader from the birth of the universe all the way through the lucky breaks we have experienced as a species to allow us to be standing here now. Truly a miracle!

Supplemental Thinking
Meniscus Magazine is here to support mind expansion. Take a moment to focus on chemical science! Find out what nutrients from the health food store can revitalize your precious grey area.

Sunshine is a State of Mind
Seasonal depression is real. Getting enough Vitamin D means nothing but fun in the sun! How much do I need? Glad you asked!
$300 Billion Dollars for WAR!
Compiled by Chrystie Hopkins
It is difficult to understand what $300 billion dollars is equivalent to, it is beyond comprehension. Here are some facts to put it in perspective.
Cindy Sheehan, WMD and Bush's Pretext
for Waging War on Iraq

Jason Leopold
Still trying to figure out what’s eating Cindy Sheehan? Perhaps its that none of the intelligence that president Bush used to rationalize the war has ever panned out. WMDs, ballistic missiles, unmanned drones... Whatever Cindy, get over it!


By Chrystie Hopkins
Published 9/18/05

The zeros are breeding

300 Billion Dollars Equals (300,000,000,000)


In May 2005 Congress approved additional funds for the war in Iraq. This puts the total bill to date, at $300 billion dollars. This sum of money was requested and required by President Bush because of the U.S. led occupation of Iraq based on Weapons of Mass Destruction that were never found and peace negotiations that were never allowed to take place. Now, two years later, and BILLIONS of dollars in debt, we are still at war and there is no end in sight. How much more money will it take? How much further can our country go into debt? How many more lives will be lost?

For most of us, it is difficult to equate $300 billion dollars to our everyday lives because it is so much money it is beyond comprehension. Below are some facts to help put it in perspective.

United States population in 2004: 293,633,000

  • Every man, woman and child has paid $1000 to fund the war in Iraq. From the newborn baby, to the elderly in a nursing home, WE ARE ALL FUNDING THIS WAR.

  • 300 billion equals = 21 million people paying $1200 per month in rent for a year.
    This is everyone in the cities of Atlanta, Boston, New York, Chicago, Miami, Los Angeles, Houston, Denver, Phoenix and San Francisco. These are the expensive cities, in most of the country, rent is half this much so we could house 42 million people for a year.

  • In a recent study by the Urban Institute, approximately 3.5 million people are homeless, 39% of which are children. (Urban Institute, 2000 www.nationalhomeless.org)
    If we used just a portion of the money spent on the war, we could end homelessness in our country.

  • 300 billion equals = 56 million people paying $450 per month for health care.
    This is the entire population of California and New York having health care for a year.
    Approximately 45 million people in the U.S. are without health insurance. 8.4 million are children. (Census)

  • No U.S. companies have revenue of more than $300 billion a year.
    The war in Iraq is costing the U.S. more than any of our companies makes in a year. Only the top 6 Fortune 500 companies make over $100 billion a year.
    Top Grossing U.S. Company – Wal-Mart Stores at $258 Billion makes less than the cost of the war in Iraq.

  • If we took OUR $300 billion dollars, laying $20 bills end to end, we could wrap the Earth 57 times.

  • In 1990, just 15 years ago, there was less than $300 billion dollars in circulation—$266 Billion.
    In 2004 there was $730 billion in circulation. This is a little more that double the cost of the war in Iraq.

  • According to the Federal Reserve, in 2004 we had the highest debt increase (Government and non-government) since 1988.


Meniscus Magazine © 2005. All material is property of respective artists.